Filtration Options for Your New Aquarium
The most important piece of equipment to set up in your new aquarium is your filtration system. Filters are essential for maintaining a clean and healthy environment and therefore keeping your fish healthy! Here are the main types of filtration you'll need to have in your aquarium.
Mechanical filtration is the simplest type of filtration. It simply removes debris and particles from your water by passing it through foam or some other type of spongy material that traps it and prevents it from re-entering your tank. It's really important to replace the filter's foam or sponge pad and clean it regularly as failure to do so will affect how well the filter works. If left for too long without being emptied, the debris in your filter could begin to decompose and harmful toxins could enter your tank water.
This is the most important filtration process for your aquarium. It doesn't actually involve physically filtering anything out of your tank water, but instead involves cultivating a colony of beneficial bacteria to turn ammonia into non-harmful substances so they can be removed when you change your water. These bacteria therefore help to maintain the nitrogen cycle, which is really important for the health of your fish.
While mechanical and biological filtration are both vital, chemical filtration is an extra option for your aquarium. Chemical filtration refers to adding any filtering substance that is designed to change the chemical composition of the water, but usually refers to adding activated carbon. Activated carbon pulls dissolved waste products and minerals from the water by trapping them. It also helps to remove odor. Although you can have a healthy aquarium without chemical filtration, you'll need to change the water very frequently - so having chemical filtration is usually much easier!
A canister filter provides the best of all worlds, as it will carry out all three types of filtration. They can also filter large amounts of water quickly so are great for large tanks. The canister filter uses a tube to suck water from the tank into the canister where it goes through several layers of powerful mechanical filtration, and then through chemical and biological filtration before the water is pushed back into the tank. Try All Pond Solutions for a range of canister filters in a range of prices to suit your tank size and budget.
Keeping Your Tank Healthy
Correct filtration and regular cleaning really are vital to maintaining healthy water for your fish, so you need to know that you're doing it right. It might seem a bit of a hassle to choose and set up your filtration system, but once you have you can be confident that your fish are healthy and happy in their tank and you can really enjoy your new aquarium.